Yesterday, a federal judge in Texas issued an injunction halting President Obama's recently issued executive action on immigration policy. Texas and twenty-five other states (including Ohio) filed the lawsuit attempting to stop the policy changes the Executive Branch chose in light of the slim chances of legislative immigration reform. The primary policy change at issue is the Deferred Action for Parental Accountability (DAPA), which would allow certain undocumented immigrants a layer of protection from deportation and authorization to work. Judge Andrew Hanen issued a 123-page Order temporarily halting the implementation of DAPA as well as President Obama's policy change expanding DACA (Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals). The Administration issued a statement this morning indicating it will appeal the decision to the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals.
As the filing season for Fiscal Year 2016 H-1B visas approaches, a common question that we field regards the filing fees. Besides paying the legal fees (unless using in house counsel), employers must pay the filing fees. The amounts of the filing fees differ depending on the size and type of employer. For the I-129, the base H-1B visa petition, an employer must pay $325.
As filing season approaches for Fiscal Year 2016 H-1B visas, and especially cap subject petitions, we continue to examine tips and strategies for employers filing for these coveted visas. With continued economic growth and stability, the reality is that the 58,200-65,000 H-1B visa cap will be met very early on. To ensure there is a fair shot for all U.S. employers, USCIS institutes the H-1B visa lottery selection process. So how many days is the filing window open for placement in the lottery? For five business days beginning April 1, 2015 and ending on April 7, 2015, USCIS will accept cap subject H-1B visa petitions.
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services ("USCIS") recently announced that expanded DACA will be available beginning February 18, 2015. USCIS will not accept requests filed before that date.
In this case law update, we look at Valorem Consulting Group v. United States Citizenship & Immigration Servs., 2015 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 4664 (W.D. Mo. Jan. 15, 2015). The crux of this case is that USCIS does not abuse their discretion in issuing an H-1B visa for a one-year period rather than the requested three-year period. The court determined that the evidence in the certified administrative record supported USCIS's decision and that the decision was not arbitrary or capricious. USCIS found, and the court agreed, that the Plaintiff had not provided sufficient documentation to show the beneficiary would be gainfully employed for the three year period or longer and thus the one-year grant was more appropriate.
As we approach the opening of the filing window for Fiscal Year of 2016 H-1B visas, it's important to begin to strategize, both as an employer and a potential employee. The last quarter of 2014 showed some slow down in the economy but due to job growth, consumer confidence and some other indicia, this first quarter is likely to rebound. There is a direct correlation between economic growth and the number of H-1B visa petitions filed each year and how fast that numerical cap is exhausted.
In this edition of case law updates, we focus on the recent Eleventh Circuit decision in Huang v. Holder where the court found the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) and the immigration judge (IJ) did not address all forms of harm; physical and non-physical. In removal proceedings, Min Yong Huang applied for asylum, withholding of removal and relief pursuant to the Convention Against Torture all based on religious persecution. The immigration judge denied the application finding that Huang had not suffered past persecution based on the quantity and severity of the physical harm presented by Huang at trial. The Board of Immigration Appeals agreed with the immigration judge and dismissed the appeal. Huang petitioned the Eleventh Circuit for review of the dismissal and the circuit court found that both the IJ and the BIA had failed to consider non-physical harm attributed to Huang's claim of past religious persecution. In doing so, the Eleventh Circuit remanded to the BIA and reminded all of us to present all valid claims and arguments and if they were all presented to an IJ and the BIA, to ensure that they are address it in the decisions.
The cap subject season for H-1B visas is upon us. The filing window will officially open on April 1, 2015 and is obviously rapidly approaching. There are 65,000 cap subject visas for those using bachelor's degrees. There are another 20,000 master's cap visas available (meaning the use of a U.S. masters degree qualifies the foreign national). What noone knows is how many petitions USCIS will receive.
On January 8, 2015 the Eighth District Court of Appeals issued a decision in State of Ohio v. Rafael Preciado denying his motion to withdraw his guilty plea from twenty years ago. A motion to withdraw a guilty plea for a noncitizen is the first line of defense in almost all removal cases involving a conviction. It is essentially unringing the bell. Thus this case fits squarely in the crimmigration context; the crossover of criminal and immigration law.
On January 8, 2015 the Board of Immigration Appeals issued a precedent decision, Matter of O.A. Hernandez, regarding the intersection of criminal and immigration (crimmigration) law. The BIA held that the a person convicted of "recklessly engag[ing] in conduct that places another in imminent danger of serious bodily injury" has been convicted of a crime involving moral turpitude ("CMT"). This case arises out of one of the immigration courts in the Fifth Circuit (Mississippi, Louisiana and Texas). It is a BIA precedent that now controls throughout the U.S. unless a circuit court rules against it or the BIA later withdraws it.