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Cleveland Immigration & Naturalization Law Blog

Temporary Protected Status (TPS): Nepal

The Secretary of Homeland Security designated Nepal for Temporary Protected Status (TPS) on June 24, 2015.  The registration period will run from June 24, 2015 through December 21, 2015.  The designation period will continue through December 24, 2016.  This designation is for nationals of Nepal and those people without nationality who last habitually resided in Nepal.  

USCIS Updates and Changes: TPS for Syria

USCIS Updates and Changes reminds us the deadline for registering for Temporary Protected Status (TPS) for Syria who are not currently in TPS status is July 6, 2015.  TPS for Syria was originally designated on March 6, 2012.  The Secretary of Homeland Security redesignated TPS for Syria on January 5, 2015 and through September 30, 2016.  The re-registration period ended on March 6, 2015.  

In The News: Woman Sentenced in I-9 Fraud Case

In The News today comes through a Department of Justice press release regarding a New York woman who was convicted of submitting false and fraudulent written statements was sentenced to one year of probation rather than jail time.  The woman managed a small labor services organization and hired an employee knowing that he was not a U.S. citizen.  Then she falsified information on his Form I-9, Employment Eligibility Verification.  

Case Law Update: Unpublished Case Regarding Filing Procedures

In this case law update we look at an unpublished dismissal of an appeal by the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) regarding failure to follow the filing procedures in the Immigration Court Practice Manual (ICPM).  An unpublished case means that it is not binding precedent but may be used to persuade the immigration judge or BIA in the future.  The ICPM is the manual used as a floor (not a ceiling) on how the immigration courts run their day-to-day operations including filing procedures.  It is designed to provide a uniform set of procedures for all immigration courts across the country.

Case Law Update: Guaman-Yuqui v. Lynch on NTA Sufficiency

In this case law update, we look at Guaman-Yuqui v. Lynch in which the Second Circuit joined the Fourth, Sixth and Seventh Circuits in adopting Matter of Camarillo regarding the sufficiency of an NTA (Notice to Appear).  An NTA is the charging document in removal proceedings.  The substance of the document is controlled by 8 U.S.C. 1229(a)(1).  In specific, defense counsel across the country has argued that 8 U.S.C. 1229(a)(1)(G)(i) directs the Department of Homeland Security to indicate on the NTA at issuance the date and time the alien must appear for his or her first master calendar hearing in removal proceedings. Camarillo holds that the NTA does not need to contain the exact date and time of the alien's first hearing.

In The News: Immigration Court Backlog Continues to Grow

In The News this week is the report from Transactional Access Records Clearinghouse (TRAC) indicating a continued growth in the current immigration court backlog.  This growth is both in the number of cases and the number of days per case.  Notably, the Cleveland immigration court continues to be one of the longest delayed courts.  According to TRAC the average number of days from commencement of proceedings to resolution in Cleveland is 775 days.  The data used by TRAC is current through April 2015.  

Case Law Update: Matter of J-H-J- and 212(h) Waivers

In this edition of Case Law Update, we discuss Matter of J-H-J-, 26 I&N Dec. 563 (BIA 2015) and 212(h) waivers. This case resolves a nationwide question as to whether or not an individual who entered the United States, adjusted their status to lawful permanent resident and then was convicted of an aggravated felony is eligible for a 212(h) waiver in removal proceedings.  The BIA held that an alien is eligible for the 212(h) waiver and withdrew the prior decisions of Matter of E.W. Rodriguez, 25 I&N Dec. 784 (BIA 2012) and Matter of Koljenovic, 25 I&N Dec. 219 (BIA 2010).  

Crimmigration: Attorney General Orders Silva-Trevino Vacated

On April 10, 2015, Attorney General Eric Holder ordered Matter of Silva-Trevino, 24 I&N Dec. 287 (AG 2008), a usual crimmigration case, vacated. Silva-Trevino provided immigration judges a methodology for determining whether or not a conviction was for a crime involving moral turpitude (CMT). Several circuit courts declined to follow the case causing the Attorney General to revisit the matter and the analysis.  

H-1B Visas: 233,000 for a 65,000 Cap?!

Regarding H-1B visas, USCIS announced today it received 233,000 visa petitions far exceeding the statutory and numerical cap of 65,000 for Fiscal Year (FY) 2016.  USCIS issued the receipt notices for those H-1B visa petitions selected through the lottery for processing.  This lottery does include the advanced degree exemption however USCIS has not yet released the actual number of advanced degree petitions it received.  USCIS will now reject any more filings made for the FY 2016 cap.  USCIS will continue to accept cap exempt filings and transfers and other non-cap related filings.  

H-1B Visas: Matter of Simeio Solutions, LLC

The Administrative Appeals Office (AAO) issued a decision regarding H-1B visas titled Matter of Simeio Solutions, LLC.  This AAO held that a change in the place of employment for a beneficiary of an H-1B visa can constitute a material change in the employment and thus require the filing of a new Labor Condition Application (LCA) and an amended or new H-1B visa petition.  

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